Footnotes to Chapter 9:

152 Annual Report of DuPont Chemical Co.1937. In Herer, 1992. Today, cannabis is attacked by way of the drug connection and the generosity of major corporations ensures that this association remains intact in the public awareness. The nefarious behavior and social degradation associated with cocaine use provides indisputable evidence of the threat of drugs to the social order. Were it not for cocaine and the common label of "drugs," the cost of marijuana prohibition would be difficult to justify. In this regard, "crack" cocaine has been even more efficacious. The Criminal Justice Policy Foundation estimates that decriminalization of cannabis would create a $67 billion industry and that taxes, fees and licensing could net $20 billion a year. This does not consider the potential value of fiber hemp for fabric, building materials and paper.
153 WW2 Wisconsin hemp mill sites: De Forest, Cuba City, Darien, Union Grove, Hartford, Ripon. Much of the labor was provided by German POWs and Japanese-Americans relocated from the internment camps. Many of the structures are still standing and occupied by other industries.
154 Robinson, 1943.
155 The existence of this film was denied by the USDA until it was found by Jack Herer in 1989. In 1994, an Arizona high school principal refused to allow the showing of "Hemp for Victory" on the grounds that it encouraged drug use.
156 Wis. Dept. of Agric. 1945. Wisconsin Agriculture in WW2. Crop Rep. Serv. Bull. #243. p.28.
157 Ash, A. L. 1948. Hemp -production and utilization. Econ. Bot. 2:158-169.
158 Reproduced in Barash, L. 1971. A Review of Hemp Cultivation in Canada. MS.
159 Barre and Robinson, 1942.
160 Wilcox, p. 64.
161 Wilcox, p. 222.
162 Evans, R. B. 1951. The utilization of American cotton. USDA Yearbk of Agric. p. 384.
163 Evans, p. 385.
164 Evans, p. 384.
165 Puterbaugh, p. 186.
166 "Arthur C. Dillman...has worked closely with the several State and Canadian experiment stations and with the linseed industry and the manufacturers of cigarette papers. At the beginning of the cigarette-paper industry, he suggested the use of a portable "flax break" or decorticating machine to process flax straw on the farm, thus effecting savings in the cost of shipping the bulky straw to tow mills." (Dillman, A. C. 1947. Paper from flax. USDA Yearbk of Agric. 1943-47. p. 752.)
167 D. Wirtshafter, pers. comm.
168 Essentially due to the fact that there was more frequent replacement of northern congressmen by voters, while southern congressmen rose to committee chairs.
169 Byrom, M. H. 1951. Progress with long vegetable fibers. USDA Yearbk of Agric. p. 475.
170 Clark, T. F. 1964. Plant fibers in the paper industry. Econ. Bot. 19:394-405.
171 LeMahieu, P. J., E. S. Oplinger, and D. H. Putnam. 1991. Kenaf. In, Alternative Field Crops Manual. Wisconsin Agricultural Extension Service, Madison, WI.
172 LeMahieu, et al., p. 3.
173 Puterbaugh, p. 186.
174 Weindling, L. 1947. Long Vegetable Fibers. Columbia Univ. Press.
175 The author has obtained a taped deposition from Dr. E. A. Schlesselman recounting these events.
176 Delafield, P. 1971. Wisconsin's 'Hemp King:' His Rise and Decline. View Magazine, Jan 31, 1971: 9-12.
177 Readers interested in the history of drug enforcement in the United States can find detailed histories in Musto, D. 1973. The American Disease: The Origins of Narcotic Control. Yale Univ. Press; and Epstein, E. J. 1977. Agency of Fear. G.P. Putnam's Sons, N.Y. The latter examines the origins of the DEA in E. Howard Hunt and Gordon Liddy's attempt to create a presidential secret police force under the guise of attacking heroin until its exposure with the Watergate scandal.