Footnotes to Chapter 6:

74 McMillan, W. 1950. New Riches from the Soil. Nan Nostrand, New York, 2nd ed. p. 17.
75 Butterfield, R. 1957. The American Past. Simon and Schuster, N. Y. p. 391.
76 Fite, p. 71.
77 Fite, p. 150.
78 Young, T. M. 1903. The American Cotton Industry. Chas. Scribner's Sons, N. Y., p. 106.
79 Fite, p. 184.
80 See, for example, the depiction of the destruction of the environment around the Aral Sea in the former Soviet Union which resulted from intensive cotton agriculture in that area. Ellis, W. S. and D. C. Turnley. 1990. The Aral: A Soviet Sea Lies Dying. National Geographic 177(2):73-93. [UPDATE: Once Written Off for Dead, the Aral Sea Is Now Full of Life]
81 Fite, p. 109, a quote from The Ada Bulletin; Ada, Oklahoma.
82 Wilcox, W. W. 1947. The Farmer in the Second World War. The Iowa State College Press. Ames, IA. p. 220.
83 Wilcox, p. 220.
84 Puterbaugh, H. L. 1964. Plant fibers-some economic considerations. Econ. Bot. 19(2):184-187.
85 Fite, p. 120.
86 The American Cotton Association, The American Cotton Grower's Exchange, The American Farm Bureau Federation.
87 Fite, p. 178.
88 Fite, p. 129.
89 Agricultural Adjustment Admin. 1934. Questions and answers covering 1934 and 1935 cotton acreage reduction plan. USDA. AAA was later declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, but was reincarnated under the mechanism of soil conservation programs which will, for instance, pay cotton farmers $2.2 billion for 1993 and 2.4 billion for 1994 not to plant. (Congressional Budget Office estimates) The hegemony of southern interests persists in agricultural policy to the present and is reflected in such legislation as the 1985 Food Security Act: which "prohibits imposition of offsetting compliance as a condition for participation in the [subsidy] programs for rice and cotton ." (Allen, K. 1990. Agricultural Policies in a New Decade. Nat'l Center for Food and Agricultural Policy: Resources for the Future & Food and Agriculture Committee, Nat'l Planning Assoc. "Under offsetting compliance, a farmer may not participate in a government program for a given crop unless all of the farms operated by that individual are enrolled in the program for that crop. This prevents a farmer from offsetting mandated reductions in production on one farm with expanded production on other farms outside the program.")
90 Newsweek. 1995.-----------
91 Fite, p. 144.
92 Fite, p. 164.
93 USDA. 1935. Annual Reports of the Department of Agriculture, p.6.
94 Food stamps are still administered by the USDA. For a broader discussion see Solkoff, J. 1985.The Politics of Food. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco.
95 In the early 1960's a researcher at Berkeley was given a grant to develop a strain of Fusarium fungus which would be lethal to hemp, to be used for eradication.
96 Eastman, W. 1968. The History of the Linseed Oil Industry in the United States. T.C. Denison & Co., Inc. Minneapolis. p. 99.
97 Hale, W. J. 1934. The Farm Chemurgic. The Stratford Co. Boston. p. 11.
98 Wright, David E. 1993. Alcohol wrecks a marriage: The Farm Chemurgic Movement and the USDA in the alcohol fuels campaign in the Spring of 1933. Agricultural History 67:36-66.